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Billetes en euros

ANTECEDENTES

ANTECEDENTES

Los billetes y monedas en euros comenzaron a circular el 1 de enero de 2002 y se han convertido en un símbolo tangible de la integración europea. Son utilizados diariamente en diecinueve países de la UE y facilitan el comercio y los viajes. Actualmente 338 millones de personas utilizan la misma moneda para efectuar sus pagos en efectivo.


La evolución de nuestra moneda

El Tratado de Maastricht de 1992 condujo al establecimiento de la Unión Europea y de su moneda única, el euro. Tras años de planificación y preparativos, los billetes y monedas en euros comenzaron a circular en doce Estados miembros de la Unión Europea el 1 de enero de 2002. Un total de diecinueve países de la UE han adoptado el euro hasta la fecha.

Se espera que todos los Estados miembros de la UE, salvo Dinamarca y el Reino Unido, que se han acogido a una cláusula de exclusión, participen en la Unión Monetaria y adopten el euro tan pronto cumplan los criterios de convergencia

La introducción de la serie Europa en 2013 es parte de la constante evolución de los billetes en euros. La serie Europa incorpora elementos de seguridad avanzados para preservar la confianza de los ciudadanos en el euro como medio de pago.

 

FECHAS CLAVE

  • 1 de enero de 2002: los billetes y monedas en euros entran en circulación en doce países de la UE: Bélgica, Alemania, Austria, Irlanda, Grecia, España, Francia, Italia, Luxemburgo, Países Bajos, Portugal y Finlandia.
  • 1 de enero de 2007: Eslovenia adopta el euro.
  • 1 de enero de 2008: Chipre y Malta adoptan el euro.
  • 1 de enero de 2009: Eslovaquia adopta el euro.
  • 1 de enero de 2011: Estonia adopta el euro.
  • 8 de noviembre de 2012: el BCE anuncia la introducción de la segunda serie de billetes en euros, denominada Europa, comenzando por el billete de 5€, y presenta imágenes de tres nuevos elementos de seguridad.
  • 10 de enero de 2013: presentación del billete de 5€ de la serie Europa.
  • 2 de mayo de 2013: el nuevo billete de 5€ entra en circulación en la zona del euro.
  • 1 de enero de 2014: Letonia adopta el euro.
  • 13 de enero de 2014: presentación del billete de 10€ de la serie Europa.
  • 23 de septiembre de 2014: el nuevo billete de 10€ entra en circulación en la zona del euro.
  • 1 de enero de 2015: Lituania adopta el euro.
  • 24 de febrero de 2015: presentación del billete de 20€ de la serie Europa.
  • 25 de noviembre de 2015: el nuevo billete de 20€ entra en circulación en la zona del euro.
  • 5 de julio de 2016: presentación del billete de 50€ de la serie Europa.
  • 4 de abril de 2017: el nuevo billete de 50€ entra en circulación en la zona del euro.

 

La función del BCE

El Banco Central Europeo, en Fráncfort del Meno, se encarga de dirigir la política monetaria en la zona del euro y tiene el derecho exclusivo de autorizar la emisión de billetes en euros en la zona. El BCE realiza estas tareas conjuntamente con los bancos centrales nacionales de los países de la zona del euro.

MÁS INFORMACIÓN SOBRE EL BCE


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